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Future Capacity Expansion of Natural Gas Pipelines and Storage in North America

The INGAA Foundation is an organization made up largely of suppliers to the natural gas industry, including manufacturers of linepipe, pipe coatings, compressors, valves and metering equipment. Gas pipelines make up the remainder of the Foundation membership. The Foundation commissioned Energy and Environmental Analysis, Inc (EEA) to perform this study… Read More

Profile of Intrastate Gas Pipelines

This report focuses on the major intrastate natural gas pipelines operating in Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas, the intrastate gas market. Major findings of the report are as follows: Intrastate gas pipelines represent an important component of their respective markets. These pipelines own 53 percent of the total transmission miles, and… Read More

Fuel Cycle Analysis: Issues and Comparative Case Studies With a Practical Approach

The costs associated with the development of energy resources and protection of the environment have grown in importance to the energy industry, federal and state governments, and energy customers. The INGAA Foundation (Foundation) engaged R. J. Rudden Associates, Inc. (RJRA) to review available analyses and perform a set of fuel… Read More

Wetland Mitigation Banking For the Oil and Gas Industry

Mitigating the environmental impacts on wetland ecosystems of oil and gas exploration, production, and transportation is a critical issue in the development of national oil and gas resources. One option for impact mitigation under well-defined circumstances is wetland banking. With this process, credits are provided or wetland acreage is created,… Read More

Natural Gas for Electric Generation: Realizing the Potential

For a wide variety of reasons, many industry analysts believe that the amount of natural gas used for electric generation by utilities, independent power producers (IPPs), and industrial and commercial cogenerators will increase dramatically in the United States over the next 10 to 15 years. In its 1994… Read More

Natural Gas Vehicles: A Fleet Operator’s Guide to Power

There are now over one million natural gas vehicles in use worldwide. Natural gas is a high quality transportation fuel which has been proposed as a method for: Reducing fuel costs Reducing vehicle emissions Meeting legislative mandates Improving vehicle safety This report attempts to summarize current information on… Read More

1994 Meeting Summary: Natural Gas for Electricity Generation

At the request of the Interstate Natural Gas Association of America (INGAA) Foundation, The Keystone Center facilitated a meeting of high level representatives from the electric and gas industries in Jackson Hole, Wyoming, on March 1 6- 1 8, 1994. The roundtable discussions were an opportunity for a diverse… Read More

International Gas Pipeline Expansion Study – 1995 Update

While global energy consumption has remained almost static since 1990, demand for natural gas has continued to rise: its share of the primary energy market across the world has now reached 23% (or over 70 trillion cubic feet (tco in volume terns) according to the 1994 BP review of… Read More

The Implications of PURPA Reform for the Natural Gas Industry

The Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act of 1978 ("PURPA") has been, and continues to be, a net benefit for the natural gas industry. The gas industry should only support amendments to, or repeal of, PURPA if other statutory or regulatory steps are taken to ensure competition in the electric… Read More

Profile of Underground Natural Gas Storage Facilities and Market Hubs

Introduction New underground natural gas storage and market center hubs have been among the most dynamic aspects of the evolving North American natural gas markets. These developments stem fiom the impacts of FERC Order No. 636, which potentially increased the service value offered fiom these facilities. In particular,… Read More

Roundtable on Pipeline Construction Methods at River and Stream Crossings September 8

At the INGAA Foundation’s Midyear Meeting, it was decided to sponsor a roundtable to discuss the scope of a study which would review the increasing stringent requirements for stream and river crossing permits. The goal was to assess the overall environmental impact and costs of various methods and develop… Read More

Gulf of Mexico Natural Gas Resources and Pipeline Infrastructure

Introduction The Gulf of Mexico offshore area is one of the most important natural gas supply areas in the United States. This report was prepared by Foster Associates, Inc., on behalf of the INGAA Foundation, to promote greater understanding of the role this dynamic producing area plays in… Read More

Gas/Electric Operational Coodination

Gaslelectric operational coordination is required in order for each industry sector to optimize the value provided in competitive energy markets. The key to improving gaslelectric operational coordination is through improved communications. Improved communications can only occur if participants in the two industries work to understand each other’s operating constraints… Read More

Natural Gas Council’s Electric Generation Task Force: Final Report

The Natural Gas Council (Council) launched the Electric Generation Task Force (EGTF) in the fall of 1992 to respond to the dynamic, rapidly changing environment in which the electric and natural gas industries were operating. The Council envisioned the EGTF to be a forum where participants in the natural… Read More

Clean Air Act Regulatory Issues Impacting the Natural Gas Transmission Industry

The status of key issues related to operating permits, compliance assurance monitoring, ozone nonattainment controls for nitrogen oxides, and other air regulatory areas that were addressed in the 1995 INGAA Foundation Research Project are summarized below, including possible industry responses to the issues identified. Read More

Pipeline PCB Contamination Project 1996 Report

Piper and Marbury was retained by the INGAA Foundation to provide legal background for the development of positions for a filing on December 6, 1994 proposed revisions to the PCB rules. Ms. Toni Allen of Piper & Marbury assisted INGAA with filings made on May 1, 1995 and June 2… Read More

Future Technology Needs of the Natural Gas Pipeline Industry

The manner in which value is created in the natural gas industry is changing, and the role of pipelines in that value creation chain continues to evolve. Since R&D is one of the pillars that supports the strategy of any business, such changes call for a re-assessment of the… Read More

Natural Gas Use in Distributed Power Generation Applications

Distributed power generation is any small scale power generation technology that provides electric power at a site closer to customers than central station generation, and is usually interconnected to the transmission or distribution system. Capacities may range from about 500 kilowatts to 25 megawatts. Various technologies, including some fueled… Read More

The Future of the Interstate Natural Gas Pipeline Business

The natural gas industry in the United States is undergoing major changes that are reshaping traditional roles, creating opportunities for new participants, and redefining the scope and character of government regulation. As the result of proposals at both the state and federal level to further "unbundle’ retail gas sales and… Read More

The Use of Liquefied Natural Gas For Peaking Service

Liquefied natural gas (LNG) is becoming a sigdicant factor in providing gas service during peak times in a number of regions of the U.S. and Canada. Based on a survey of LNG facilities conducted for this study, there are currently 85 LNG plants in North America, 56 with liquefaction… Read More