The final step in the construction process is to restore the right-of-way and easement land as closely as possible to its original condition
Depending on the requirements of the project, this process typically involves such things as replacing topsoil, removing large rocks that may have been brought to the surface, completing any final repairs to irrigation systems or drain tiles, spreading lime or fertilizer, restoring fences, etc.
The restoration crew carefully grades the right-of-way. In hilly areas, the crew installs erosion prevention measures such as interceptor dikes, which are small earthen mounds constructed across the right-of-way to divert water.
The restoration crew also installs riprap, consisting of stones or timbers, along streams and wetlands to stabilize soils. As a final measure, the crew may plant seed and mulch the construction right-of-way, to ensure the foliage and grassland is restored as close as possible to its original condition.
Other steps in the constructions process:
- Clearing and grading
- Stringing and welding pipe segments together
- Depositing the pipeline, backfilling and testing